The employee must raise the personal grievance within 90 days of the date of the action or grievance arising or later with consent of the employer. An unjustifiable disadvantage grievance relates to an alleged unjustifiable action on the part of the employer which impacts on one or more conditions of the employee’s employment. This grievance may be raised while the employee is still employed.
An unjustifiable dismissal may be raised in respect of an employee who has been dismissed or one who has resigned and claimed constructive dismissal. A constructive dismissal is where the resignation of the employee is found to have come at the initiative of the employer. Some examples are where the employer may ask the employee to “resign or be fired” or where the employer has breached the employment agreement seriously and that it is foreseeable in view of those breaches that the employee will resign. Should you receive a letter raising a personal grievance we would be happy to discuss this further with you, including the way that the grievance is managed via mediation or the Employment Relations Authority.
Frequently Asked Questions
Normally an employee will have an individual employment agreement. Collective employment agreements tend to be the domain of union-based workers.
Individual employment agreements need to be in writing and signed by you and your employee. It should include:
- employer and the employee names
- job description
- hours and location of job
- the wages or salary that you will pay to the employee, as well as incentives such as bonuses
- redundancy clause
- jargon-free explanation of the services available for employment relationship problems
- any trial period
It is sometimes tempting to use an agreement you have had for many years, a generic 'template' agreement, or one taken from a mate of a mate. It is vital the agreement correctly records the specific terms of the employment relationship, as mistakes can be costly. A bespoke employment agreement will contain clauses to give you more power and confidence.
It is best to get these drafted by a professional to tailor to the needs of your workplace and taking into account any special policies in place (such as staff discounts, use of company vehicles, or bonus provisions), or requirements specific to your workplace, such as health and safety policies and restraints of trade.
Caution must also be exercised with fixed term and casual agreements as both have specific contractual requirements. If these requirements are not fulfilled then the employer faces the possibility of having its powers under those agreements eroded.
Provided that an offer of employment has been made, and accepted, your employee is "a person intending to work" whether or not they have signed an employment agreement.
Be aware that an employee who does not have an agreement prior to beginning work may then bargain on each and every point in the agreement, when it is presented after commencement of employment. The employer and employee may then negotiate over the terms until they come to agreement.
From 1 July 2011, it was mandatory a signed employment agreement is held on file by you for every employee. This will include casual, part-time, fixed term and permanent employees.
There are many reasons you may need a lawyer in employment matters. It is an unfortunate reality that things don't always work out in the workplace.
In recessionary times it is unfortunate that sometimes work may dry up and you end up overstaffed. Or, you may decide to take your business in new directions and plan to reduce your workforce. Either way, you will probably be looking to make various positions redundant.
If you are in this position, you need to consider a few aspects:
- Your staff's position must genuinely be surplus to requirements
- There needs to be a genuine business reason to end a position. So you can't get rid of a position and then re-advertise the role when it is virtually identical to the previous position.
- The position redundancy can not be related in any way to performance of your staff
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“John is very easy to talk to, he never makes you feel dumb, and never makes you feel like you are wasting his time for asking questions. He explains everything very clearly, every time. John's support staff are also very efficient and so easy to deal with. No detail is missed when dealing with them. My husband and I are fans of them all :)”