Civil litigation is the process by which disputes between private individuals, corporate entities or other legal personalities are resolved. It can involve court action or other forms of dispute resolution including settlement negotiations and/or mediation conferences. Procedures and processes may be available. For civil matters (mainly monetary claims) the normal processes involve either the courts or disputes tribunal. In particular types of disputes, specialist bodies have been established, for example the Employment Court for disputes between employers and employees and the Family Court for disputes between partners and a relationship or involving children.
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