While companies provide limited liability and are considered a separate legal entity, directors can become personally liable if they breach their duties.
These duties have become increasingly important in light of the recent financial downturn. When there is financial uncertainty, directors are more likely to make decisions for which they could be held liable. This in turn gives rise to increased media attention.
Recently there have been numerous reports of the Securities Commission taking proceedings against directors of finance companies for misleading investors. Under the Securities Act these directors face fines of up to $500,000 in civil proceedings, and up to five years’ imprisonment or fines of up to $300,000 in criminal proceedings. Therefore directors need to be aware of their obligations to the company.
Duties under the Companies Act 1993
The key duties, found in Part 8 of the Companies Act 1993 (sections 131-137), include the following:
- The duty to act in good faith and in the best interests of the company;
- The duty to use their powers for the purpose for which they were conferred and not for any ulterior motive;
- The duty to act in accordance with the obligations under the Companies Act 1993 and the company’s constitution;
- That a director must not agree to cause, or allow the company’s business to be conducted in a manner that is likely to create, a substantial risk of serious loss. To determine this the Court will look at what an ‘ordinary prudent director’ would have done in the circumstances;
- The duty not to take on any obligations unless it is believed on reasonable grounds that the company will be able to perform those obligations when required to do so, and
- The duty to use the reasonable care, diligence and skill that a reasonable director would exercise in the circumstances.
Recent Director’s Liability Cases
Directors must actively ensure that they are meeting their obligations. The recent case FXHT Fund Managers Ltd v Oberholster held that directors who are not actively engaged in the company or who are ‘sleeping directors’ can be liable. In this case the inactive director was held liable for a breach of his duty of care even though it was his co-director who defrauded investors. Initially he was not aware of his co-director’s dealings, but as soon as he became aware he reported the matter to the authorities; however he was still held liable.
Similarly in Lewis v Mason and Meltzor the directors relied on a manager and did not exercise sufficient control over the company’s financial position or the day-to-day running of the company. It was found that reliance on a manager does not excuse a director from liability and the directors were ordered to contribute to the company’s debts.
The above cases show the need for directors to take positive steps to discharge their obligations under the Companies Act, and be proactive directors who are aware of and adhere to the duties imposed on them.
If you have any queries regarding director’s duties please contact Douglas Mitchell or anyone in our civil litigation team.
“I can't speak highly enough of Jenny. She got everything done in a timely manner and when my ex-husband threw a spanner in the works at the eleventh hour she got the required documentation to his lawyers and settlement back on track.”
“John is very easy to talk to, he never makes you feel dumb, and never makes you feel like you are wasting his time for asking questions. He explains everything very clearly, every time. John's support staff are also very efficient and so easy to deal with. No detail is missed when dealing with them. My husband and I are fans of them all :)”
“I have used Turner Hopkins for my legal services for over eight years. I have always found their level of service excellent and their work to a very high standard. I have used various lawyers at their firm for various businesses I have been involved with and have always had very positive experiences. I would highly recommend them.”
“I have struggled with different legal firms over the years, but over the past few years I have engaged with Turner Hopkins with various requirements from personal relating to wills, family trust, property settlements and contracts through to commercial engagements including employment advice, commercial lease agreements and general legal advice. I have engaged with a number of the people in the firm and always found them professional, punctual in their responses and very sound in the advice provided.”
“Joy, we cannot thank you enough for your help with our purchase! You have been wonderful to deal with and so proactive (and patient with my numerous emails). We will be visiting NZ in April so will make sure we drop in to thank you in person.”